Yemen at the UN – July 2017 Review

Yemen at the UN – July 2017 Review

In July, Yemen’s cholera epidemic became the largest ever recorded in one country in a single year, with the World Health Organization recording 430,000 suspected incidents and almost 2,000 associated deaths with the disease by month’s end. This comes following the UN declaring Yemen the world’s largest food security emergency earlier this year.

Yemen at the UN – June 2017 Review

Yemen at the UN – June 2017 Review

In June, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted a Presidential Statement regarding the Yemeni crisis – the first council outcome on Yemen in almost 14 months. A UNSC Presidential Statement, while important as a statement of council policy, is considered less weighty than a UNSC resolution and lacks the mandatory enforcement power of a Chapter 7 resolution.

Yemen at the UN – May 2017 Review

Yemen at the UN – May 2017 Review

In May, a cholera epidemic swept Yemen at terrifying speed. Between the beginning and the end of the month the number of suspected cases of cholera and acute watery diarrhea (AWD) nearly tripled to 70,000, with some 600 associated deaths. At the beginning of June, UNICEF regional director Geert Cappelaere said that without significant intervention the number of cases could rise to 300,000 “within a few weeks’ time.”

Yemen at the UN – April 2017 Review

Yemen at the UN – April 2017 Review

In April, the Saudi-led military coalition’s proposed assault on the rebel-held Red Sea port of Hudaydah, and the likely humanitarian catastrophe it would precipitate, was again the focus of most international policy discussions regarding Yemen. By month’s end, however, widespread opposition to the operation within the US, at the UN, within the humanitarian community and elsewhere appeared to gain purchase with both the Saudi-led coalition and American policy makers contemplating United States military support for the action, with these latter two groups apparently re-evaluating Saudi-led coalition plans for an offensive and exploring political alternatives to the attack.

Yemen at the UN – March 2017 Review

Yemen at the UN – March 2017 Review

In March, the prospect of a Saudi-led military coalition offensive on the rebel-held city of Hudaydah dominated Yemen-related policy discussions at the United Nations and in the United States.

Discussions among UN Security Council member states generally centered around how such an offensive would radically exacerbate Yemen’s humanitarian crisis – given that Hudaydah is the main entry point for humanitarian and commercial goods, and that the country is already facing the world’s largest food security emergency.

Yemen at the UN – February 2017 Review

Yemen at the UN – February 2017 Review

In February, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations stated that “Yemen is facing the largest food security emergency in the world”, and estimated that the country’s domestic reserves of wheat would be completely exhausted by the end of March 2017.

The UN human rights commission raised credible reports that war crimes were committed by both the main warring sides during battles for the Red Sea port town of Mukha. These battles saw the forces backing Yemeni President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi capture the town from the Houthi movement and its main ally, former President Ali Abdullah Saleh.

Yemen at the UN – January 2017 Review

Yemen at the UN – January 2017 Review

In January, the UN Special Envoy to Yemen Ismael Ould Cheikh Ahmed entered a period of shuttle diplomacy in an attempt revive the same peace proposal he’d put forward in December 2016 – a proposal Yemeni President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi had at that time flatly rejected. The UN 2140 Sanctions Committee’s Panel of Experts reported last month that neither side in the conflict has “demonstrated sustained interest in or commitment to a political settlement or peace talks”, while pro-Hadi forces appear poised to further capitalize on recent battlefield advances.
UN Emergency Relief Coordinator Stephen O’Brien said the Yemeni conflict is driving the single largest food insecurity crisis in the world and warned of the likelihood of famine in 2017; simultaneously the UN and humanitarian partners launched the largest ever international humanitarian appeal for Yemen: US$2.1 billion to provide life-saving assistance to some 12 million people.

اليمن في الأمم المتحدة – نشرة ديسمبر 2016

اليمن في الأمم المتحدة – نشرة ديسمبر 2016

في شهر ديسمبر المنصرم رفضت الحكومة المعترف بها دوليا للرئيس اليمني عبدربه منصور هادي بشكل رسمي اقتراح الأمم المتحدة الأخير لإنهاء الصراع في اليمن. وضعت حكومة هادي شروطا جديدة لأي اتفاق سلام في المستقبل مما يعقد من إمكانية التوصل إلى نهاية للحرب.
ومن جهة أخرى سعت – بالرغم من فشلها- حركة الحوثي والقوات الموالية للرئيس السابق علي عبدالله صالح إلى كسب الاعتراف الدولي بـ”حكومة الإنقاذ الوطني” التي شكلتها مؤخرا بقرار أحادي الجانب، حتى بعد منح هذه الحكومة الثقة من قبل البرلمان اليمني الذي يسيطر عليه جماعة الحوثي وصالح في صنعاء.

Yemen at the UN – December 2016 Review

Yemen at the UN – December 2016 Review

In December, the internationally recognized government of Yemeni President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi officially rejected the latest UN proposal to end the conflict in Yemen. The Hadi government then laid out new conditions for any future peace agreement that effectively preclude the possibility of a negotiated end to the war.
The Houthi movement and allied forces of former President Ali Abdullah Saleh sought out but failed to garner international recognition for their recently formed “Government of National Salvation” (GNS), following which the GNS was affirmed through a vote of confidence in the Houthi-Saleh controlled Parliament in Sana’a.

اليمن في الأمم المتحدة – نشرة نوفمبر 2016

اليمن في الأمم المتحدة – نشرة نوفمبر 2016

أعلن وزير الخارجية الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية في نوفمبر عن التوصل إلى اتفاق بين الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية والإمارات العربية المتحدة من جهة، والحوثيين من جهة أخرى لوقف القتال في اليمن. حيث عقد كيري هذا الاتفاق بعيدا عن الحكومة الشرعية التي تعتبر أحد الأطراف الرئيسية في الصراع. وبينما تم الاتفاق على إنهاء الحرب مباشرة، ما لبث أن فشل سريعا.
في هذه الأثناء أعلن الحوثيون والقوات الحليفة لهم التابعة للرئيس السابق علي عبدلله صالح عن تشكيل حكومة جديدة في صنعاء. يُنظر إلى هذه الخطوة على أنها محاولة لاحتواء الغضب الشعبي ضد حكومة (ممارسات) الفساد وعنفها ولتوطيد العلاقة بين الحليفين علي عبدالله صالح والحوثيين. والنتيجة المباشرة لهذه الخطوة كانت هذه الحكومة المتضخمة حجما، والتي تشمل حقائب وزارية متداخلة في المسؤوليات والصلاحيات. وقد وصف المبعوث الخاص للأمم المتحدة إلى اليمن هذه الخطوة بأنها “عقبة في سبيل تحقيق السلام في اليمن”، وهو موقف أجمعت عليه الدول الأعضاء في مجلس الأمن الدولي بالرغم من أن المجلس ككل لم يستطع الاتفاق على بيان موحد في هذا الصدد.